Annelise E. Barron is the W.M. Keck Associate Professor of Bioengineering at Stanford University, where her research is currently focused on (1) biomimicry of host defense peptides and lung surfactant proteins, and (2) elucidating the underlying mechanisms of Alzheimer's dementia, as potentially caused by dysregulation of innate immunity caused by chronic infections. Dr. Barron was trained as a chemical engineer at the University of Washington (B.S.) and U.C. Berkeley (Ph.D.), and was a Pharmaceutical Chemistry postdoc with Ken A. Dill (UCSF) and Ronald N. Zuckermann (Chiron Corp.). She has served on the faculty at Stanford since 2007, and prior to that, was on the Chemical & Biological Engineering faculty of Northwestern University in Evanston, IL for 10 years. She has been awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists & Engineers (PECASE), the Beckman Young Investigator Award, and the Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, among other awards. Dr. Barron was the youngest scientist ever to serve on the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Director of the NIH, under Dr. Elias Zerhouni. She has more than 149 publications and a current H-index of 44, and serves on the advisory boards of several biotechnology companies.